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Abstract

Farmers and Fulanis are in recent times becoming more frequently involved in land resources use conflicts. A lot of lives (human and cattle) as well as crops and properties are lost to this conflict on a regular basis. It is due to these profound losses that the study aimed at investigating the root causes; determine the consequences of the conflict on the respondents and ascertain the management strategies in use to curb or reduce the conflict. A total of 486 respondents were randomly selected for the study while a structured questionnaire was used for data collection. Descriptive statistics and the logit regression were used to analyze the data. The results shows that majority (76.4%) of the farmers interviewed are middle aged, that is between 40-59 years while majority (76.7%) of the Fulanis are youths between 20 and 39 years. The result further shows that majority (70.0%) of farmers and 47.4% of Fulanis said destruction of crops/animals was the major source of conflict. The results on effect of conflict on the losses incurred by the farmer’s shows that all the variables had direct relationship with conflict. However, only the loss of crops (2.047) and loss of other properties (1.016) had significant effect on conflict at p < 0.05 and p< 0.01, respectively. The results on the effect of conflict on the losses incurred by the Fulanis show that only loss of cattle (1.003) is statistically significant at p < 0.05. It has a direct relationship with the Fulanis conflict with the farmers. The result of the conflict resolution methods shows that majority (90.3% and 72.3%) of farmers and Fulanis, respectively, agree that payment of compensation is the best way of settling conflict between farmers and Fulanis. The results on the selected conflict management strategies indicate that majority (49.7%) of farmers and 52.2% of Fulanis hold the view that the use of traditional rulers in conflict resolution is the most preferred. On the basis of these findings, it was recommended among others that: Existing laws on grazing routes should be reviewed and strengthened by the National Assembly and various State Assemblies. The Nigerian Agricultural Insurance Corporation (NAIC) and other insurance organizations should devise insurance policies as strategies of reaching farmers and Fulanis to ensure support whenever they suffer losses which will go a long way to mitigate their sufferings and Government should ensure that adequate compensation is paid to farmers and Fulanis who suffer losses.

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