When manure nutrients exceed a county's cropland assimilative capacity, the potential for water quality problems exists. Concerns about water quality have led to the passage of the Water Quality Improvement Act in Maryland which will impact the disposal of poultry litter on cropland. Forest fertilization may be an alternative use for the litter. Forest landowners indicated their willingness to use poultry litter as a forest fertilizer under a variety of incentives. Landowners with more acres, in certain counties, and who were younger were most likely to be willingness. Surprisingly, landowners who work with foresters were not more likely to agree, suggesting that foresters may not know about the potential benefits of poultry litter application in timber growth.