In 1990 inter-provincial and international exports were about equal. By 1996, however, Canadian companies were exporting about $2 in goods and services to foreign countries for every $1 they exported between provinces. In 1990, Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Quebec, Manitoba and Alberta exported more to their provincial counterparts than to international markets. By 1996, all provinces except Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia and Manitoba exported more internationally than they did interprovincially. Inter-provincial trade patterns varied by province, but only modest changes occurred between 1990 and 1996. The effects of the Agreement on Internal Trade (1995) were yet to be seen. The interdependence of Ontario and Quebec was apparent.


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