A Powerful Tuning Parameter Free Test of the Autoregressive Unit Root Hypothesis

This paper presents a family of simple nonparametric unit root tests indexed by one parameter, d, and containing Breitung’s (2002) test as the special case d = 1. It is shown that (i) each member of the family with d > 0 is consistent, (ii) the asymptotic distribution depends on d, and thus re ects the parameter chosen to implement the test, and (iii) since the asymptotic distribution depends on d and the test remains consistent for all d > 0, it is possible to analyze the power of the test for dierent values of d. The usual Phillips-Perron or Dickey-Fuller type tests are characterized by tuning parameters (bandwidth, lag length, etc.), i.e. parameters which change the test statistic but are not re ected in the asymptotic distribution, and thus have none of these three properties. It is shown that members of the family with d < 1 have higher asymptotic local power than the Breitung (2002) test, and when d is small the asymptotic local power of the proposed nonparametric test is relatively close to the parametric power envelope, particularly in the case with a linear timetrend. Furthermore, GLS detrending is shown to improve power when d is small, which is not the case for Breitung’s (2002) test. Simulations demonstrate that, apart from some size distortion in the presence of large negative AR or MA coecients, the proposed test has good nite sample properties in the presence of both linear and nonlinear short-run dynamics. When applying a sieve bootstrap procedure, the proposed test has very good size properties, with nite sample power that is higher than that of Breitung’s (2002) test and even rivals the (nearly) optimal parametric GLS detrended augmented Dickey-Fuller test with lag length chosen by an information criterion.


Issue Date:
2008-07
Publication Type:
Working or Discussion Paper
Record Identifier:
https://ageconsearch.umn.edu/record/273651
Language:
English
Total Pages:
47
JEL Codes:
C22
Series Statement:
Working Paper No. 1175




 Record created 2018-06-13, last modified 2018-06-14

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