Globalization brings to the food chain new challenges and risks relating to health and consumer interests worldwide. On the other hand, farmers have been in a long-term perspective challenging climate changes and reforms; they face high entry costs and the purchasing power of supermarket chains. Among the priority issues there have been brought issues of food security, improving the economic viability of farmers and their position in the food chain in order to provide a dynamic and competitive agricultural sector. Current development point out the need to increase world food production, as the demand for food is supposed to be increased by seventy percent in 2050. Undoubtedly, the most important aspect which is necessary to be realized is that the future of the agricultural sector lies not only in production and economic function but also in environmental and social functions. The aim of this paper is to analyze the current problems in the world agriculture sector and to highlight the ethical issues associated with their solution.