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Abstract

The purpose of this article is to review agricultural pesticide monitoring methods and suggest ways to protect farm labor from unnecessary exposure. A comparison of pesticide exposure for various application methods indicates exposure in the order, airblast > high-boy > low-boy > hand application. Anatomical regions of the body receive total exposure in the order, hands > legs > arms > chest > head, with the back and buttocks generally receiving lower exposure. Urinary metabolite and blood acetylcholinesterase methods are generally not definitive for monitoring exposure except in acute poisoning cases. Possible protective methods suggested by these exposure studies are outlined, with particular reference to small farm use.

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