Perennial Peanut: Summary of animal feeding studies

The perennial peanut was introduced into Florida from Brazil in 1936, but high yielding cultivars were not released until 1978 (Florigraze) and 1986 (Arbrook). Recent evaluation of the legume with different classes of livestock is reviewed. Unweaned calves, creep fed on perennial peanut pasture gained more, while their mothers lost less weight than when calves stayed with their mothers on bahia grass. Yearling beef cattle grazing the peanut produced twice the AUG per hectare measured from bahia grass alone, while dairy cows fed peanut hay gave similar milk yields, with a higher fat content than when alfalfa hay or corn silage were used. Peanut haylage was also useful for dairy cows. With pigs, peanut forage could replace up to 60% of the soya bean - corn concentrate, while with growing rabbits, it produced results similar to alfalfa. It can be used as a xanthophyll pigment source for chickens, and so has potential for use in extraction industries. It could soon be the most important forage crop in Florida since it is well suited to local climatic and edaphic conditions. (Editor's summary).

Issue Date:
Aug 23 1987
Publication Type:
Conference Paper/ Presentation
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 Record created 2017-07-25, last modified 2020-10-28

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