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Abstract

Even under optimistic assumptions about the rate of urbanization and growth of non-farm employment, agriculture will still be the main source of livelihood for the majority of Africans for at least the next several decades. Non-farm wage jobs in sub-Saharan Africa will be able to absorb between 40 to 65 percent of the additional 122 million workers estimated to enter the labor force before 2020 (Fine et al 2012; see also Losch 2012). This means that farming will be called upon to provide gainful employment for at least a third of Africa’s young labor force. However, for agriculture to successfully provide employment, young people will require access to land.

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