Rising incomes and urbanization, an expanding domestic consumer base concerned about food quality and safety, and rapidly growing agricultural exports have been important drivers for the increased attention to food safety in India. But the development of effective food safety systems is hampered by a number of factors, including: restrictive government marketing regulations, weak policy and regulatory framework for food safety, inadequate enforcement of existing standards, a multiplicity of government agencies involved, weak market infrastructure and agricultural support services. The small farm structure further limits farmer capacity to meet increasing domestic and export food safety and SPS requirements. Addressing food safety concerns in India will require adoption of appropriate legislation, strengthening capacity to enforce rules, promoting adoption of good agricultural, manufacturing and hygiene practices, greater collective action, and some targeted investments. Implementing these actions will require joint efforts by the government and the private sector.