The article presents the results of research of a solution to the problem of reducing energy dependency and replacing traditional sources of fuel production to agricultural ones. Nowadays it is very important not only for Ukraine but for most countries of the world. That is why the rapeseed as a row material for biodiesel fuel is a practical alternative being renewable and very productive. The analysis of the current situation of rapeseed growing, its processing and possible trends for the future industry are shown. Factors that can contribute to creating the conditions necessary to support these trends are grounded. Calculation results of rapeseed growing efficiency for bio-energy purposes in agricultural enterprises are displayed. It is proved that the rapeseed growing has the highest efficiency in the variant of its processing for biodiesel.