Subject and purpose of work: The aim of this article is to analyse changes in quantity and quality of the Lower Silesian Province agriculture labour resources against the background of national tendencies. Materials and methods: The research based on statistics covered the years 1999-2014 including prediction until 2020. The author’s own research carried out on the group of 282 responders in 2013 served the purpose of evaluating the level of farming culture. Results: It was proved, that the number of working-age men in the examined region was increasing much faster than in Poland which led to increase in agricultural labour resources and with that, to hidden unemployment. Lower Silesian farmers are characterized by general and agricultural education of higher degree than Polish average level. Though, it did not translate into entrepreneurship rates. Conclusions: The research proved that the education had a significant impact on the level of farming culture.