The red palm weevil (RPW) Rhyncophorus ferrugineus, is a serious pest of palms. RPW is native to Asia, but over the last few decades it has spread to the Middle East, Africa, and Europe, where it has caused major economic damage. This pest was accidentally introduced to the Caribbean (Curacao and Aruba) probably around 2008 through trade in ornamental palms. In these localities, the pest has caused considerable damage and death to several palm species, and it now poses a serious threat to the rest of the region. This paper provides a brief summary of the current knowledge of the pest with particular reference to the neotropics.