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Abstract

The growing of agricultural has been object of many researches that highlights the importance of this sector in North region. The economic geography has showed that economics phenomenon can present spatial dependence, mainly considered the diffusion effect. The objective of this work is to verify the existence of spatial cluster of agriculture in theBrazilians microregions, with emphasis in role of the variables livestock cattle and permanent and temporary crops for de years of 1990 and 2013. The methodology used was the explorative analyze of spatial data (EASD) by calculation of I Moran index global and locally and clusters analyzes. The results show the existence of spatial autocorrelation in the agricultural among Brazilian microregions, in the variables research in this study. The also evidence of a migration of these productions from South and Southeast regions to Middle-west and North regions.The estimated econometric models show the existence of a strong spatial effect on livestock production in Brazilian micro-regions.These also show the existence of spatial convergence in the Brazilian livestock production.

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