We use a combination of descriptive and econometric analysis of rural household animal traction use to assess the relative role of disease pressure as compared with other potential determinants of animal traction use. The focus on the potential of area expansion using animal traction rather than motorization is because draft animals appreciate while tractors depreciate over time. Second, the direct transition from hand-hoe to tractorization is usually not cost-effective (Pingali et al., 1987). The costs of destumping are much higher for tractor tillage because a much higher quality of destumping is required in order to minimize the damage to tractor-drawn implements


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