The main purpose of this article is to compare the profitability of foreign and domestic enterprises in Poland. It is assumed that foreign enterprises achieve better financial results in host country than domestic enterprises because of i.e. higher innovativeness of foreign enterprises (as in technology and organizational sphere) and better capital use. The analysis was conducted among large foreign-controlled and domestic - controlled enterprises in Poland. The research results indicate that taking risk related to financing by foreign capital led the direct invested enterprises to achieve higher profitability rates what may contribute to better development of foreign companies in Poland.