Agriculture in Serbia is confront with many problems, which are result of limitation that was begin in conditions of economic environment and agrar politic that has been leading after World War Second until decay SFRJ, difficulties that become at last fifteen years an difficulties at adapting of market economy. Agriculture in Serbia is load consequences of central mountain economy at part of property and land using. For development is necessary the policy that can influence on increase of producing by restructuring and investments that means clear owner right and making efficient land market, credit and input. Without considering how large is market economy, role of state policy is significant. If economy is more market, than state role is bigger.