Tomato is a kind of vegetable with high economic benefits in protected farmland. Accounting for 30% of vegetable planting area in the entire protected farmland, tomato plays an essential role in cultivation of protected vegetable. Different abiotic stresses have different degrees of influence on growth and development, yield, and fruit quality of tomatoes. Therefore, finding out life activity rules of tomatoes under different abiotic stresses will be of great significance to breeding for stress tolerance and increasing tomato yield and income. This paper made an overview of research progress in tomato responses to abiotic stress in growth and development, physiology and biochemistry, and gene regulation.