This paper addresses the subject of the development of typical products of Umbria, a small region in central Italy. While not boasting the production of typical products of great national or international renown, it can count on a wide range of local products of extreme interest. This paper begins with a survey of the products that are typical, or that have qualities which can render them typical, and which were identified in a study carried out in the Umbrian territory. This will be followed by a socio-economic analysis, conducted on a sampling of enterprises which produce typical products, aimed at verifying potential for growth in this sector, the level of training acquired in this sector, as well as the degree of training required. After that, we examine the Regional policy enacted regarding those products, as well as the initiatives of greatest interest undertaken on a sub-territorial level with the Leader II Projects. In the final part of this study, a number of thoughts on the relationship between territory, enterprise and human resources will be formulated, while a number of synthesising considerations will conclude the present study.