The paper presents the results of researches carried out among Polish farmers from Wielkopolska region regarding their opinions on the European Union impact on Polish agriculture situation. General view of 10 years of Polish farmers membership in the EU is positive but most of farms owners still expect further increase of Common Agriculture Policy funds. Farmers accept most of the CAP measures influencing the food industry acting. Most of respondents reckon as the proper move of some elements of CAP to the national level, as well as increase of the animal production payments. At the same time farmers declare that direct payments are used for the development of their enterprises.