The major objective is to determine the most important factors that affect contract holders post-CRP land use decisions in South Dakota. The major data source is a 1993 CRP survey sent to a random sample of 8.33% of South Dakota CRP contract holders and completed by 556 of 1133 persons contacted. Management, socio-economic, and land use intentions data are combined with their CRP contract file from USDA. Respondents are classified into major categories based on their post-contract CRP land use intentions. Descriptive statistics are used to compare physical, management, economic, and demographic characteristics by respondent land use intentions. Logistic regression models are used to assess the relative influence of selected factors on contract holders' expected postCRP land use intention. Separate models are developed for the cropland use decision and for the grassland use decision.