XPCC has long shouldered the mission of exploitation of virgin land in border area, but the special geographic distribution leads to regional segmentation and administrative division in the planting structure of grain, cotton, oil and sugar for XPCC. Since 1980, XPCC's total planting area of grain, cotton, oil and sugar has increased steadily year by year. The yield levels show a unimodal trend; the total yield of cotton has been showing a geometric growth trend; the total yield of oil crops and sugar beet shows a fluctuating growth trend, but the total yield of grain crops shows a bimodal growth trend. XPCC's grain crops are mainly in the farms of Division 4 in Ili Valley and Division 6 in Changji; cotton production in South and North Xinjiang is basically the same, and the yield in South Xinjiang is slightly higher than in North Xinjiang, but cotton can not be planted in most farms of Division 9 and Division 10; oil crops are grown mainly in cold regions; sugar beet is mainly in the farms of Division 2, Division 4 , Division 7 and Division 9. Some factors are limiting XPCC's farming development such as unreasonable agricultural structure, quite different regional production levels and great grain crop yield fluctuations. Therefore, it is recommended to optimize regional distribution, increase efforts to promote new technologies, and strengthen brand building to help XPCC to give play to the agricultural resource advantages.