Energy consumption is one of the important symbols of modern agriculture, and it is also an important input in modern agricultural production. The study on the agricultural energy consumption not only has a positive significance to agricultural energy saving, emission reduction and ecological environment protection, but also can greatly reduce the cost of agricultural production and improve the economic benefit of farmers. Through the analysis of the national statistical data about energy consumption for agriculture production from 2005 to 2012 year, the results show that the amount of energy consumption for agricultural production in China has increased year by year since 2005. Because of the continued growth of the total energy consumption in China, the proportion of energy consumption for agricultural production to the total energy consumption of China has declined slightly since 2005. At present, the energy consumption structure for agricultural production in China is diesel fuel, coal, electric power, gasoline, and indirect energy consumption. With the rapid development of the agricultural technology in recent years, the total agricultural output value in China has increased greatly, the direct and indirect agricultural energy consumption per unit of agricultural output value in China has decreased year by year, and the efficiency of energy consumption for agricultural production has increased consequently.