Direct payments are most common of transferred financial support for Polish agriculture which, unlike other aid programs is not under verification of use. Therefore, the article described directions for distribution of direct payments on example of research carried out in Lubelskie voivodeship, which is one of the most representative regions of agricultural Poland. Analysis of the results has allowed to point out three main directions of allocation for received payments. Assets and investments (linked to production) as well as other means (non-productive) has been distinguished. Regardless of the amount of received aid, farm size or age of the person managing it, the main direction of distribution were assets. There was little interest in the case of non-production means. However, in none of the surveyed households, there was no interest in investment spending.