The aim of the work was the analysis of basic conditionings of the technical and economical labour productivity in chosen milk co-operatives in Poland. The improvement of both economic and the technical labour productivity in examined cooperatives was caused not so much a fall of the employment (in greatest dairies the employment increased), but with the enlargement of the size of bought up milk and with the sale value. The technical armament of the work showed in all subjects the tendency growing, and is not only due to the fall of the employment, but increased fixed investments. The causal analysis of the economic labour productivity showed that in the most of examined cooperatives had not been the developed intensive agriculture. The increase of the labour productivity had its source mainly in features cost-intensive, so in reality extensive.