Author of the study attempted to answer the question, what are the determinants of the location of the biogas plants in Poland with particular emphasis on spatial differentiation potential of biogas. We analyzed the location of active 46 biogas plants in Poland. The analysis confirmed the significance of the location of the biogas plant location factor, which is the spatial availability of biomass waste of animal origin. Simultaneously, it was observed that determines the size of the potential biomass power plant. It was also noted that an important barrier to the location of the biogas plants can be located in the vicinity of investments protected areas, especially national parks and nature parks. In all locations analyzed the potential availability of biomass waste food processing plants were at a similar level, which does not exclude its role in the location of the plant.