The main aim of this article is to estimate human capital resources on rural areas in Poland based on the human capital indicator. Following questions were formed: What is the state of human capital resources on rural areas in Poland? Which regions posses the highest/ lowest of human capital resources? How are rural areas in Poland diversified in terms of human capital resources? The assumption of differences in the resources of human capital on rural areas in Poland was verified. The available literature, statistical data of the Central Statistical Office, of the BDL (the Bank of Local Data), census data were used to estimate HC resources indicator.