The paper’s aim is to identify barriers and factors favourable for development of organic food market in Poland. It contains the results of the nationwide survey which was carried out among farms’ owners with organic farming certificate. According to the survey’s results the main barriers are relative little yield and high costs – in comparison to conventional agriculture. Other barriers are connected with limited sales possibilities: weak integration with formal distribution channels, limited possibilities of horizontal integration, as well as underdeveloped processing and distribution system. The main source of growth in the profitability of farms and thus a factor of development are agri-environmental subsidies. Their increase is demanded by most respondents.