World agriculture is undergoing a transition to a new technological paradigm very different from that of the green revolution. The development of this new paradigm is being driven by the ongoing “bio”, “info” and “nano” revolutions, and the new demands of society and the markets. The agricultural revolution of the 21st century is deeper and more far-reaching than previous ones: it is an organizational revolution of knowledge management and of convergences between technologies. One of the effects of this new agricultural revolution is a notable increase in the sector’s potential to create wealth. This article is intended to contribute to the characterization of the new paradigm of agricultural technological development and the type of agriculture that is taking shape.