This paper aims to assess the economic impact of Cattle Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) outbreaks in Brazil for 2006. This is done by using an input-output system for Brazilian economy and two basic scenarios: one which considers FMD outbreaks and decreases in exports and other which considers the status change for FMD-free without vaccination. In the first scenario the results show a decrease of total output in the Brazilian economy between R$ 3.3 billion and R$ 10.2 billion, while in the second scenario the results show an increase of total output between R$ 3.8 billion and R$ 12.5 billion.


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