This report presents finding of a rapid appraisal of institutions supporting livestock trade and marketing in Somalia. Institutions were conceptualised to encompass the organisations (formal and informal) as well as rules, procedures, and practices either formal or informal that govern the functioning of these oganisations. The appraisal identifi ed the key organisations supporting livestock trade and marketing in Somalia; evaluated the roles played by each organisation, identifi ed the rules and practices followed by these organisations in executing their functions and analysed the constraints they faced in carrying out their activities. The aim of the appraisal was to use the derived information to suggest interventions that would enable the organisations effectively perform their roles in improving livestock trade and marketing in Somalia. Emphasis was put on organisations involved in livestock marketing information flow, application of grades and standards in livestock products, and, livestock export promotion.