Rural communities have had less Internet service accessibility than their urban counterparts and, as a consequence, have been perceived as disadvantaged. Federal government policy makers have recognized the shortfall in service provision with its perceived disadvantage and have been trying to address it through the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 and The Farm Security Act of 2002 (what have been more commonly called the Farm Bills), and the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) of 2009. This support was renewed with the recent passage of the Agriculture Act of 2014 (the newest Farm Bill). Policy makers have, however, been asking what has been the impact of this broadband Internet investment on rural America. The answer is not simple and much of the impact will not be felt for years. That is the focus of this research paper.


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