Several changes in agricultural policies in Mexico have taken place during the administration of President Fox, which started in December 2000. For the fist time in modern history an opposition party won the Presidential election in July of that year. The new government has shown a new attitude towards agriculture, seeing to the greatest possible extent market oriented policies and is pushing hard to change the attitude of Mexican farmers, in order to foster their entrepreneurial skills. Traditionally most farmers have relied heavily in government guidance for their production and marketing decisions. In contrast, the largest farmer organizations, with strong political ties to the former governing Party, do not share a large the new policy orientations. Moreover, the Fox administration does not hold a majority in Congress. Even though all political parties state that agriculture is one of their main priorities, a common view is lacking. Policy developments during the last two years should be analyzed under the perspective of compromise between the major players involved.