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Abstract

El estudio analiza la evolucion del ingreso real de los ocupados en la agricultura entre los anos 1990 y 2005 para los casos de Brasilm Chile, Columbia y Mexico. Con informacion del PIB Agricola y de ingresos autonomos provenientes de las encuestas de hogares, se analiza si el alto cremiento del PIB Agricola, observado durante el periodo, se tradujo en un incremento efectivo de los ingresos reales de los ocupados agricolas, distinguiendo a estos entre asalariados, cuenta propia y empleados. Dos conclusiones destacan: el ingreso agricola real medido a traves del PIB deflectado por vairas medidas de inflacion aumento menos de lo senalado oficialmente; y a excepcion de COlombic, donde el principal "ganador" es el dos han capturado una proporcion creciente del ingreso agricola...This study analyzes the evolution between 1990 and 2005 of real incomes of the agricultural work forces in Brazil, Chile, Colombia and Mexico. Using both officially-reported agricultural GDP and data on autonomous income from household surveys, the analysis investigates whether or not high sectoral GDP growth rates during the period translated into an effective increase in real incomes of the sector's workforce, distinguishing between salaried workers, the self-employed and employers. Two conclusions are notable: real agricultural income measured by the sector's GDP deflated by various inflation indices increased less than officially reported real GDP (i.e., using the implicit GDP deflator); and, salaried workers have captured a growing proportion of total agricultural workforce income since 1990, except in Colombia, where the total income share of the self-employed, a group including small farmers, has increased.

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