The remarkable growth of the dairy industry has been one of the more significant developments in the Thai livestock industry in recent years. Milk has never been an important product in traditional Thai society. Prior to the 1960s imports satisfied the small urban demand that existed for milk products in Thailand. However, over the last two decades, strong government support and increased growth in the economy, population and tourism has stimulated domestic demand for dairy products in Thailand. Commercial production of dairy products increased more than 500% between 1982-1992 and continues to be driven by high demand. While demand is strong, the ability of the Thai dairy industry to supply the growing levels of domestic demand for dairy products has been constrained by several factors. Improvements in the management, marketing, breeding and disease control practices of Thai dairy producers are necessary if the national objective of milk self-sufficiency is to be achieved.