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Abstract

The major walnut producing area is located south of the United States and northern Mexico these two countries being the major world exporters to Mexico production is obtained in the months of October through December. Chihuahua occupies about 50% of national production and 60% of the area planted with walnut and Sonora ranks third in acreage. Until 2002 the total area of cultivation remained stable at 50,000 hectares, roughly between the years 2000 and 2004 the average productivity increased from 1.22 to 1.59 t / ha and from 2005 to 2008 under a 1.23. During the period from 2003 to 2010 there was an increase in planted area being one of the factors that encourage the expansion of cultivation is the international market, with about 70% of domestic production is exported mainly to the U.S. and the China last 5 years. The nut is growing the fastest growing fruit in Sonora, from 2009 to 2010, the production volume grew nut of 7,867 tons to 15,500 t., the production value soared from 271.3 million to 802.3 million pesos in pesos. In the current pecan walnut acreage in Sonora to 2009 occupied the Coast produces 76% and 78% of total production. We analyzed the profitability of walnut cultivation of the Coast information with reference to individual producers and official sources that have obtained working capital throughout the cycle was $ 53.021 pesos, a working capital of $ 48.349, Benefit-Cost Ratio of 1.34, ie, for every dollar invested recover 0.34 pesos while the balance point was 1.48 t for the full payment of the investment as well as interest and 1.39 t only for the payment of direct costs. With these indicators, the cultivation of walnut for the Coast is a good investment opportunity for agribusiness.

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