At the beginning we delimited agricultural areas. Then we compared the picture obtained with the spatial diversity of human capital. The analysis of human capital was based on three groups of measures. They are related to investments on human capital, its resources and effectiveness of its application, successively. The results show that agricultural areas are rather those one with the lowest level of human capital index. The core-periphery scheme reveals. Evidently developed core-periphery scheme has serious consequences. On one hand establishment of megalopolises rich in human capital should enable them successful competition at international stage. On the other hand establishment of strong centres at the costs of peripheral -agricultural areas is a serious problem. Great differences that appear between large towns and the rest of the country may get deeper as long as there are no development impulses from the centre to peripheries.