The share of agricultural population in the total population of Vojvodina is below 11%. The agricultural population of Vojvodina accounts for 26% of agricultural population, i.e. 24% of the active agricultural population of Serbia. Per 1 inhabitant there is 0.88 ha of agricultural land or 0.78 ha plough land. Having in mind that the average farm size is about 3.59 ha of used arable land and that each farm has about 3 separate parcels, it could be concluded that Vojvodina has a very unfavourable property structure. Corn is the most dominant plant species in Vojvodina. It is grown on about 630,000 ha with average yield of 5.3 t/ha, and annual production of about 3.3 million tons. Vojvodina accounts for around 58% of corn production in Serbia. Wheat is produced averagely on 330,000 ha with average yield of about 3.7t/ha and annual production of around 1.2 million tons. Vojvodina accounts for over 56% of the total wheat production in Serbia. The gross domestic product in agriculture is larger than the gross domestic product in food industry, which means that a significant part of agricultural production is spent or exported in raw state, and not processed within own capacities. The share of Vojvodina in gross domestic product of food industry in Serbia (47.3%) is larger than its share in gross domestic product of agriculture of Serbia (39.6%), although the structure of agricultural production in other parts of Serbia is more intensive (vegetable growing, fruit growing and animal husbandry are more dominant). This is due to the fact that in Vojvodina there are more capacities for grain and industrial crop processing. The real capabilities of faster development of Vojvodina’s agriculture lie in the multi-functional development. This means that one part of the agricultural resources will be used in conventional manner by intensifying agricultural production to the limits of sustainable development, a part of the resources will be used for non-agricultural purposes (agro-eco tourism, hunting, fishing and sports tourism and catering, and other services and the production of renewable energy), while a part of resources will by used for organic and safe food.

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Conference Paper/ Presentation
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JEL Codes:
C10; Q10; E23

 Record created 2017-04-01, last modified 2020-10-28

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