The Government of the Republic of Uzbekistan from the first days of independence «has taken in its hands» the task of reforming education and science system, defined as a fundamental element in achieving economic development and well-being of the society. The new Uzbek government has chosen a unique model of development, as now called «Uzbek model», based on a gradual transition to a socially oriented economy without «shock therapy», which was observed in neighboring countries of the region. Significantly affected to the further development of science in the country, the Decree of the President of Uzbekistan Mr. Islam Karimov on 8th July 1992, and the Resolution of Cabinet of Ministers of Uzbekistan "On measures of state support for science and innovation", which was adopted in execution of the said Decree . As a result of strenuous work in the field of education and science, the Government of the Republic of Uzbekistan in 1997 initiated the Law "On Education", which laid the legal basis for protection and further development of this area. On the basis of this Law was adopted an Enforcement Document - the National Training Program in the Republic of Uzbekistan, which implemented a new educational system, closer to the internationally recognized model of education.