As one of the four main production areas of China’s tilapia farming, Fujian province plays a critical role in China’s tilapia industry development. “Quality seed makes the industry a half success”, therefore, the study on seed industry has a very important significance for the development of tilapia industry. Based on the field survey, study and analysis, we found that there is abroad prospect of the seed industry development in Fujian province. However, in recent years, some problems has emerged during the development process, such as the serious germplasm degeneration, frequent disease occurrence, etc., which to some extent has restricted its further development. Establishment of tilapia seed production base, financial support and quality and security system should be strengthened, so that the tilapia seed industry in Fujian province will get better development.