Are Zimbabwe’s Fast Track Land Reform Farms more Technically Efficient than Communal Farms?

In an attempt to address a racially skewed land distribution and alleviate rural poverty, Zimbabwe has, since its independence, pursued redistributive land reform programmes. The latest phase of these programmes is the Fast Track Land Reform Programme (FTLRP) launched in 2000 to accelerate compulsory acquisition and resettlement of land. This paper uses data on FTLRP beneficiaries and a control group of unsuccessful communal applicants to examine the programme’s impact on the technical efficiency of its beneficiaries. To account for possible systematic selection into FTLRP, we employ a probit selection equation and estimate a corrected Cobb- Douglas stochastic frontier function model. The resultant inefficiency model estimates reveal that FTLRP beneficiaries are more technically efficient than communal farmers. Further, there exist a nonlinear relationship between farm size and technical efficiency. Fencing parcels and livestock holdings is found to improve technical efficiency suggesting that alleviating resource constraints would enhance technical efficiency of smallholder agriculture.

Issue Date:
Publication Type:
Journal Article
DOI and Other Identifiers:
ISSN 0049-8599 (Other)
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Published in:
Quarterly Journal of International Agriculture, 49, 4
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JEL Codes:
D24; Q12; Q15; Q18
Series Statement:
Quarterly Journal of International Agriculture 49 (2010)

 Record created 2017-04-01, last modified 2020-10-28

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