The objective of this paper is to explore the issue of artificial insemination (AI) services delivery in relation to livestock development by reviewing to the case of institutional and organizational arrangement in Bangladesh. It is argued that globalization and adaptation of open market economy policy has opened the significant opportunities for livestock keepers. The demand for livestock would increase almost two folds due to increase in population, rapid urbanization, and rise in income and would continue to rise till 2020. This increase in demand will create a potential market opportunities. The ability of the farmers to exploit those opportunities is linked critically to the availability and access to quality AI services. This paper is an attempt to provide the background information of AI starting from historical context to the existing institutional arrangement and synthesis of institutional framework for providing the AI services effectively and efficiently in Bangladesh.