Uganda has been challenged to translate recovery-based economic buoyancy into sustainable growth with poverty reduction in pursuit of national and international development targets. As the country weighs various options for stimulating an appropriate response to the economic slowdown of the recent years, it is important that policy considerations be informed by a review of the difference growth strategies and episodes that the country experienced. This paper therefore, provided an overview of the broad economic strategies that have been implemented in Uganda since 1962 when it attained Independence. By focusing on what transpired during the 1990s into the 2000s, the paper aims to assess the extent to which recent development strategies promoted the participation of poor people in Uganda's growth process. Furthermore, the paper highlights the tradeoffs associated with policies that emphasize growth versus those that emphasize distribution in pursuit of poverty reduction.