Lack of basic infrastructural facilities has been one of the problems of rural poverty in Nigeria. Various programmes had been introduced by past and present administrations in Nigeria to provide these facilities in rural area. This study investigated rural dwellers perception on effect of infrastructural facilities on Livelihood Activities in Akinyele Local Government Area of Oyo State, Nigeria. Multi-stage sampling technique was used to selecting one hundred and twenty respondents from four major rural communities in the study area where infrastructural facilities had been provided. Data were analysed using both descriptive and inferential statistics. Rural dwellers major economic and social livelihood activities include farming, trading, food processing and membership of cooperative societies/town development associations. Infrastructural facilities available in the study area were road, market, primary school, secondary school, dispensary, maternity, electricity and water supply, of which their present conditions are poor. Majority of the respondents had an unfavourable perception on effect of infrastructural facilities on livelihood activities. Result shows a significant relationship between years of residency (r = 0.252, p. 0.005), present condition of facilities (r = 0.260, p = 0.004) and rural dwellers perception. The study there-fore conclude that provision of infrastructural facilities in the study area had no positive effect on the livelihood of inhabitants and recommend that infrastructural facilities in rural areas should be rehabilitated and beneficiary communities to participate in the rehabilitation process for sustainability of the infrastructures.