Agriculture is the main occupation of the rural population and as such forms the basis of development and progress, not only in rural areas, but also the community as a whole. Like any business, and agriculture has a number of negative environmental impacts, especially on agricultural land which is also the basis of existence and condition of the agricultural population. This paper will be presented to the basic conditions of life and professions in rural parts of the municipality of Vrbas and their relationship and impact on the environment. It will be proposed specific measures to reduce the impact of agriculture on the environment and sustainable improvement in the same context of sustainable development. It also will provide guidelines for development and improvement of settlements in order to improve the environment which would improve the living conditions of indigenous peoples.