One of the last major undertakings of Justice Willard Z. Estey was a comprehensive review of the grain handling and transportation system in Western Canada, undertaken for the federal government. Commissioned in December 1997, it was completed in two phases – May and December 1998. Conducted with Justice Estey’s usual energy, the review undertook an extensive consultation process, first to identify problems in the grain handling system and then to suggest solutions. Reform of the grain handling and transportation system has been an extremely contentious issue in the Canadian Prairies, and it took considerable courage to propose the radical changes contained in Judge Estey’s review. While the federal government has implemented a number of Judge Estey’s recommendations, it did not implement his entire package. The impact of the reforms is still being debated. This article discusses Judge Estey’s approach to the review process, outlines the major issues the review addressed and provides a preliminary assessment of the implementation of the review’s recommendations.