This study aims at shedding light on the potential impact of agricultural technology adoption on household food consumption status. The analysis is based on the data collected from randomly selected 200 farm households in Southeast Ethiopia. Since the process of technology adoption usually involves non-random placement of adopters, we employed a propensity score matching method to avoid bias arising from possible self-selection. The results show that adoption of improved wheat technologies has a robust and positive effect on farmers food consumption per adult equivalent per day. The Average Treatment Effect on the Treated (ATT), based on three estimation algorithms, ranges from 377.37 calories per day to 603.16 calories per day which indicates that efforts to disseminate existing wheat technologies will highly contribute to food security among farm households.