The Effect of CAFTA-DR and CBI on Ethanol Production and Trade

Given U.S. government mandates and subsidies, ethanol production has grown significantly since 2000. Most of the ethanol used in the US is from domestically produced corn, however the US has been importing relatively small amounts of sugar based ethanol from countries in South and Central America and the Caribbean over the past few years. The key reason why the import of ethanol has played a minor role in the US market is a tariff on imported ethanol. Under Caribbean Basin Initiative (CBI), ethanol that is produced in the CBI and CAFTA-DR countries can be imported duty free into the US. Therefore several countries have set up dehydration plants in the CBI and CAFTA-DR countries to convert hydrous ethanol (“wet ethanol”) from Brazil into dehydrated ethanol, which is then exported duty-free to the US. This study examines the effects that CAFTA-DR might have on the ethanol production and economies of the CAFTA-DR and CBI countries.

Hutchinson, Sharon D.
Issue Date:
Publication Type:
Conference Paper/ Presentation
DOI and Other Identifiers:
978-976-8223-76-0 (Other)
Record Identifier:
PURL Identifier:
Total Pages:
JEL Codes:
F13; Q17
Belize City, Belize 23rd - 27th July, 2007
Series Statement:
Proceedings of the West Indies Agricultural Economics Conference

 Record created 2017-04-01, last modified 2020-10-28

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