Based on me data concerning detailed survey on land in the year 2009 and land change in the year 2010 in Rong County, a mountainous region of Sichuan Province, by using quantitative geographical model, we conduct quantitative analysis of the status quo of land use in Rong County in terms of land use diversification, land use centralization, land use combination type, land use geographic significance and comprehensive use degree of land use. m e results show some characteristics as follows. Firstly, land use in study area displays prominent characteristic of diversification: there is a high degree of completeness land use type; there is a great similarity among towns. Secondly. there is limited combination number of land use type; mostly the combination number of the towns is farmland. Thirdly, the town with prominent characteristic of diversification of land use in Rong County, have low degree of centralization of land use and relatively big combination number of land use type, and vice versa. Fourthly, the type and quantity of agricultural land resources with geographical significance are relatively complete with nothing missing; it abounds in untapped land, but the overall index values of land use are smaller than 300, with low overall use degree of land.