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Abstract

We review the concept of intra-class correlation in random-effects models for binary outcomes as estimated by Stata’s xtprobit, xtlogit, and xtclog. We consider the usual measures of correlation based on a latent variable formulation of these models and note corrections to the last two procedures. We also discuss alternative measures of association based on manifest variables or actual outcomes and introduce a new command xtrho for computing these measures for all three types of models.

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