Generally, economists have analyzed development planning in developing countries (LDC's) under the following aspects. First, attention is focused on the plan strategies, policies and targets. Special emphasis is often devoted to whether the targets have been or could be achieved over the relevant time periods. Secondly, in recent years attention has also been given to the techniques of planning. The purpose of this paper is to analyze the agricultural development planning process adopted in the Tanzania's Second Five Year Plan for Social and Economic Development, 1969-74.